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Early detection of kidney disease regularly urine
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Recently, PLA 458 Hospital, a large-scale organized Friends of the kidney, renal transplant patients more than one hundred each other to share the joy of postoperative rehabilitation. Organ Transplantation Center, the hospital director of Liu Zhou introduced the incidence of chronic kidney disease increased year by year, due to the development of chronic kidney disease to kidney failure and need more and more patients with renal transplantation. He reminded, occult chronic kidney disease onset, initial symptoms was not obvious, easily overlooked, regular inspection is related to effective early detection of this disease means. Primary renal disease and hypertension with renal disease, diabetic nephropathy sharp increase in the number of patients with chronic kidney disease has become a serious threat to people's health a "silent killer", the Guangdong people over 18 years the prevalence rate as high as 12%. Early detection is the key to early treatment, however, the kidney is a "hard working" the organs, the initial damage does not appear in discomfort. Once the patient's body edema, nausea, malaise and other alarm signals, they often have lost half of kidney function. This is also the first visit to the hospital for many patients, the kidney has entered the middle and late, and even the reasons for uremia. Liu Zhou Director introduced in their admissions of patients, there are many such cases. Many people believe that physical examination, blood investigations of the renal function, sufficient to reflect the health status of the kidney, in fact, this is a big misunderstanding. When they find 'serum creatinine' increases, the glomerular filtration rate has lost more than 50%, that is, patients have lost more than half of the renal function. Deputy Director Liu stressed the need to early detection of kidney disease, the easiest way is to have a yearly urine routine examination, examination fees is not high, a number of early kidney disease proteinuria or microscopic hematuria (microscopic examination of hematuria can be found.) Once the urine abnormalities, kidney or urinary tract disease is often the first signs of further examination provide important clues. High-risk groups but also to "kidney" heavy "Kidney disease is diabetes, hypertension, one of the most common complication in patients with diabetes and hypertension should pay more attention urine routine examination. In addition, the elderly, patients with hyperlipidemia are at high risk of chronic kidney disease, but also strengthened on a regular basis Check. "Director Liu said. In the urine routine examination, special attention should be several indicators are normal --- RBC: normal urine may occasionally red blood cells, red blood cells if the same stuff appears in the urine, it may suggest kidney disease, urinary tract, bladder disease, ureteral lesions or other systemic problems. WBC: normal urine there is a small number of white blood cells, abnormal, urine contains a large number of white blood cells, suggesting that urinary tract infection lesions. Urine protein: pathological proteinuria more common in glomerulonephritis, pyelonephritis, acute renal failure, hypertension, renal disease, diabetic nephropathy, lupus nephritis, and tumors. In order to ensure the accuracy of urine routine examination, checking the previous day to avoid high-protein diet, do not eat more seafood, meat, eggs, etc.; to avoid strenuous exercise; female menstrual investigation of urine should be avoided; urine specimens in the morning urine urine as well. Casual drug use can lead to kidney damage Human body produces a lot of "junk" from the urine through the kidneys, including metabolites of drugs in the body. Some drugs have significant side effects kidneys, including gentamicin and kanamycin and other antibiotics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some cold medicine compound. Casual drug use can easily cause kidney damage, leading to "drug-induced kidney disease." Deputy Director Liu pointed out that many people use anti-inflammatory drugs are free, as long as there cold, fever, headache, joint pain or physical discomfort (neuralgia), they often buy their own "acetaminophen," " anti-inflammatory pain "and take it. But for the anti- inflammatory drugs cause adverse effects such as kidney damage, but who know very little. He warned: "Even taking cold medicine, pain medication and other commonly used drugs can not be random. In strict accordance ordered by your doctor to avoid oral intake at the expense of renal function. Children, the elderly and renal insufficiency, and other groups, the abuse of the proportion of drug-induced renal damage greater need to be cautious when medication. "